Non-radioactive Microsphere References
(ver. Jan 28, 2002)

This is a representative bibliography of research papers describing work done using Non-Radioactive microspheres. While not complete, the listed papers do give a good overview of medical research applications of Non-Radioactive micrspheres. The Fluorescent Microsphere Research Center at the University of Washington maintains a bibliograhphy of Non-Radioactive papers complete with abstracts on their web site: http:/


Abe, Y., Y. Kitada and A. Narimatsu. Effect of a calcium-sensitizing positive inotropic agent MCI-154 and its combined use with enalapril onpostischemic contractile dysfunction of dog hearts. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 26:653-9., 1995.

Abel, F. L., R. H. Cooper and R. R. Beck. Use of fluorescent latex microspheres to measure coronary blood flow distribution. Circulation Shock 41:156-61, 1993.

Abel, F. L., R. R. Beck and R. H. Cooper. Fluorescent microspheres [letter]. Journal Applied Physiology 76:986, 1994.

Abraham, S. A., F. N. Mirecki, D. Levine, A. D. Nunn, H. W. Strauss and H. Gewirtz. Myocardial technetium-99m-teboroxime activity in acute coronary artery occlusion and reperfusion: relation to myocardial blood flow and viability. Journal of Nuclear Medicine 36:1062-8., 1995.

Akiba, Y., P. H. Guth, E. Engel, I. Nastaskin and J. D. Kaunitz. Dynamic regulation of mucus gel thickness in rat duodenum. American Journal of Physiology Gastointentinal and Liver Physiology 279:G437-G447, 2000.

Altemeier, W. A., H. T. Robertson, S. McKinney and R. W. Glenny. Pulmonary embolization causes hypoxemia by redistributing regional blood flow without changing ventilation. Journal of Applied Physiology 85:2337-2343, 1998.

Altemeier, W. A., H. T. Robertson and R. W. Glenny. Pulmonary gas-exchange analysis by using simultaneous deposition of aerosolized and injected microspheres. Journal of Applied Physiology 85:2344-2351, 1998.

Angelborg, C., N. Slepecky, H. C. Larsen and L. Soederberg. Colored microspheres for blood flow determinations twice in the same animal. Heart Research 27:265-9, 1987.

Ardehali, A., R. N. Gates, H. Laks, D. C. Drinkwater, Jr., E. Rudis, T. J. Sorensen, P. Chang and A. Aharon. The regional capillary distribution of retrograde blood cardioplegia in explanted human hearts. Journal Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery 109:935-9; discussion 939-40., 1995.

Ardevol, A., C. Adan, X. Remesar, M. Alemany and J. A. Fernandezlopez. Muscle blood flow during intense exercise in the obese rat. Archives of Physiology & Biochemistry 104:337-343, 1996.

Ardevol, A., C. A. X. Remesar, J. A. FernandezLopez and M. Alemany. Lactate-bicarbonate interrelationship during exercise and recovery in lean and obese Zucker rats. International Journal of Obesity 21:333-339, 1997.

Ardevol, A., C. Adan, X. Remesar, J.-A. FernandezLopez and M. Alemany. Hind leg heat balance in obese Zucker rats during exercise. Pflugers Archiv-European Journal of Physiology 435:454-464, 1998.

Arshady, R. Microspheres for biomedical applications: preparation of reactive and labelled microspheres. Biomaterials 14:5-15, 1993.

Atef, N., A. Ktorza, L. Picon and L. P'Enicaud. Increased islet blood flow in obese rats: role of the autonomic nervous system. American Journal Physiology 262:E736-40., 1992.

Atef, N., B. Portha and L. P'Enicaud. Changes in islet blood flow in rats with NIDDM. Diabetologia 37:677-680., 1994.

Atef, N., M. C. Laury, J. M. Nguyen, N. Mokhtar, A. Ktorza and L. Penicaud. Increased pancreatic islet blood flow in 48-hour glucose-infused rats: Involvement of central and autonomic nervous systems. Endocrinology 138:1836-1840, 1997.

Audet, D. M. and W. L. Olbricht. The motion of model cells at capillary bifurcations. Microvascular Research 33:377-396, 1987.

Austin, R. E., Jr., W. W. Hauck, G. S. Aldea, A. E. Flynn, D. L. Coggins and J. I. Hoffman. Quantitating error in blood flow measurements with radioactive microspheres. American Journal Physiology 257:H280-288, 1989.

Austin, G. E., M. B. Tuvlin, D. Martino-Salzman, R. L. Hunter, A. G. Justicz, N. K. Thompson and A. C. Brooks. Determination of regional myocardial blood flow using fluorescent microspheres. American Journal Cardiovascular Pathology 4:352-357, 1993.

Baer, R. W., B. D. Payne, E. D. Verrier, G. J. Vlahakes, D. Molodowitch, P. N. Uhlig and J. I. E. Hoffman. Increased number of myocardial blood flow measurements with radionuclide-labeled microspheres. American Journal Physiology 246:H418-H434, 1994.

Baile, E. M., J. M. Nelems, M. Schulzer and P. D. Par'e. Measurement of regional bronchial arterial blood flow and bronchovascular resistance in dogs. Journal Applied Physiology 53:1044-1049, 1982.

Bailey, W. F., Jr., M. G. Magno, P. D. Buckman, F. DiMeo, T. Langan, V. T. Armenti and J. D. Mannion. Chronic stimulation enhances extramyocardial collateral blood flow after a cardiomyoplasty. Annals Thoracic Surgery 56:1045-52; discussion 1052-1053., 1993.

Barnes, M. D., N. Lermer, W. B. Whitten and J. M. Ramsey. CCD based approach to high-precision size and refractive index determination of levitated microdroplets using Fraunhofer diffraction. Review of Scientific Instruments 68:2287-2291, 1997.

Bassingthwaighte, J. B., M. A. Malone, T. C. Moffett, R. B. King, S. E. Little, J. M. Link and K. A. Krohn. Validity of microsphere deposition for regional myocardial flows. American Journal Physiology 253:H184-H193, 1987.

Bassingthwaighte, J. B., M. A. Malone, T. C. Moffett, R. B. King, I. S. Chan, J. M. Link and K. A. Krohn. Molecular and particulate depositions for regional myocardial flows in sheep. Circulation Research 66:1328-1344, 1990.

Bauer, R., B. Walter, E. Wurker, H. Kluge and U. Zwiener. Colored microsphere technique as a new method for quantitative-multiple estimation of regional hepatic and portal blood flow. Experimental & Toxicologic Pathology 48:415-420, 1996.

Bauer, R., D. Hoyer, B. Walter, E. Gaser, H. Kluge and U. Zwiener. Changed systemic and cerebral hemodynamics and oxygen supply due to gradual hemorrhagic hypotension induced by an external PID-controller in newborn swine. Experimental and Toxicologic Patholog 49:469-476, 1997.

Bauer, R., R. Bergmann, B. Walter, P. Brust, U. Zwiener and B. Johannsen. Regional distribution of cerebral blood volume and cerebral blood flow in newborn piglets - effect of hypoxia/hypercapnia. Developmental Brain Research 112:89-98, 1999.

Bauer, R., B. Walter, A. Torossian, H. Fritz, O. Schlonski, T. Jochum, Hoyer, K. Reinhart and U. Zwiener. A piglet model for evaluation of rebral blood flow and brain oxidative metabolism during gradual cerebral perfusion pressure decrease. Pediatric Neurosurgery 30:62-69, 1999.

Baumgart, D., T. Ehring and G. Heusch. A proischaemic action of nisoldipine: relationship to a decrease in perfusion pressure and comparison to dipyridamole. Cardiovascular Research 27:1254-1259, 1993.

Baumgart, D., T. Ehring, P. Kowallik, B. D. Guth, M. Krajcar and G. Heusch. Impact of alpha-adrenergic coronary vasoconstriction on the transmural myocardial blood flow distribution during humoral and neuronal adrenergic activation. Circulation Research 73:869-886., 1993.

Beck, K. C. Regional trapping of microspheres in the lung compares well with regional blood flow. Journal Applied Physiology 63:883-889, 1987.

Beezhold, D. H., G. L. Sussman, G. M. Liss and N. S. Chang. Latex Allergy Canadian Induce Clinical Reactions to Specific Foods. Clinical & Experimental Allergy 26:416-422, 1996.

Bernard, S. L., R. W. Glenny, N. L. Polissar, D. L. Luchtel and S. Lakshminarayan. Distribution of pulmonary and bronchial blood supply to airways measured by fluorescent microspheres. Journal of Applied Physiology 80:430-436, 1996.

Bernard, S. L., R. W. Glenny, H. H. Erickson, M. R. Fedde, N. Polissar, R. J. Basaraba and M. P. Hlastala. Minimal redistribution of pulmonary blood flow with exercise in racehorses. Journal of Applied Physiology 81:1062-1070, 1996.

Bernard, S. L., D. L. Luchtel, R. W. Glenny and S. Lakshminarayan. Bronchial circulation in the marsupial opossum, Didelphis marsupialis. Respiration Physiology 105:1-2, 1996.

Bernard, S. L., J. R. Ewen, C. H. Barlow, J. J. Kelly, S. McKinney, D. A. Frazer and R. W. Glenny. High spatial resolution measurements of organ blood flow in small laboratory animals. American Journal of Physiology Heart and Circulatory Physiology 279:H2043-H2052, 2000.

Black, S. C. and I. W. Rodger. Methods for studying experimental myocardial ischemic and reperfusion injury. Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods 35:179-190, 1996.

Bland, J. M. and D. G. Altman. Statistical methods for assessing agreement between two methods of clinical measurement. Lancet 1:307-310, 1986.

Bock, J. C., A. H. G. Goetze and R. Felix. Confirmation by animal experiment of a semiquantitative single-layer tomography for MR imaging of regional cerebral perfusion. Rofo Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiet Der Ontgenstrahlen und der Bildgebenden Verfahren 166:335-341, 1997.

Boeckxstaens, C. J. and W. J. Flameng. Retrograde cerebral perfusion does not perfuse the brain in nonhuman primates [see comments]. Annals Thoracic Surgery 60:319-27; discussion 327-328., 1995.

Bolender, R. P., D. M. Hyde and R. T. Dehoff. Lung morphometry: a new generation of tools and experiments for organ, tissue, cell, and molecular biology. American Journal Physiology 265:L521-548, 1993.

Bone, H. G., P. J. Schenarts, S. R. Fischer, R. McGuire, L. D. Traber and D. L. Traber. Pyridoxalated hemoglobin polyoxyethylene conjugate reverses hyperdynamic circulation in septic sheep. Journal of Applied Physiology 84:1991-1999, 1998.

Booke, M., F. Hinder, R. McGuire, L. D. Traber and D. L. Traber. Selective inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase: Effects on hemodynamics and regional blood flow in healthy and septic sheep. Critical Care Medicine 27:162-167, 1999.

Boston, U. S., A. M. Slater, T. A. Orszulak and D. J. Cook. Hierarchy of regional oxygen delivery during cardiopulmonary bypass. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 71:260-264, 2001.

Bouaziz H, Okubo N, Malinovsky JM, Benhamou D, Samii K, Mazoit JX. Theage-related effects of epidural lidocaine, with and without epinephrine, on spinal cord blood flow in anesthetized rabbits. Anesth Analg 88:1302-1307, 1999.

Bouaziz, H., N. Okubo, J. M. Malinovsky, D. Benhamou, K. Samii and J. X. Mazoit. The age-related effects of epidural lidocaine, with and without epinephrine, on spinal cord blood flow in anesthetized rabbits. Anesthesia and Analgesia 88:1302-1307, 1999.

Boyde, A., L. A. Wolfe, M. Maly and S. J. Jones. Vital confocal microscopy in bone. Scanning 17:72-85, 1995.

Bray, R. C., D. J. Butterwick, M. R. Doschak and J. V. Tyberg. Coloured microsphere assessment of blood flow to knee ligaments in adult rabbits: Effects of injury. Journal of Orthopaedic Research 14:618-625, 1996.

Bray, R., K. Forrester, J. J. McDougall, A. Damji and W. R. Ferrell. Evaluation of laser Doppler imaging to measure blood flow in knee ligaments of adult rabbits. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing 34:227-231, 1996.

Bremer, H. J., A. Anninos and B. Schulz. Amino Acid Composition of Food Products Used In the Treatment of Patients With Disorders of the Amino Acid and Protein Metabolism. European Journal of Pediatrics 155:S 108-S 114, 1996.

Brogan, T. V., R. G. Hedges, S. McKinney, H. T. Robertson, M. P. Hlastala and E. R. Swenson. Pulmonary NO synthase inhibition and inspired CO2: effects on V'/Q' and pulmonary blood flow distribution. European Respiratory Journal 16:288-295, 2000.

Brown, W. E., M. G. Magno, P. D. Buckman, M. F. Di, D. R. Gale and J. D. Mannion. The coronary collateral circulation in normal goats. Journal Surgery Research 51:54-59, 1991.

Brown, W. R., D. M. Moody, D. A. Stump, D. D. Deal and R. L. Anderson. Dog model for cerebrovascular studies of the proximal-to-distal distribution of sequentially injected emboli. Microvascular Research 50:105-112., 1995.

Brunston, R. L., W. K. Tao, A. Bidani, D. L. Traber and J. B. Zwischenberger. Organ blood flow during arteriovenous carbon dioxide removal. Asaio Journal 43:M821-M824, 1997.

Brust, P., R. Bauer, G. Vorwieger, B. Walter, R. Bergmann, F. Fuchtner, J. Steinbach, U. Zwiener and B. Johannsen. Upregulation of the aromatic amino acid decarboxylase under neonatal asphyxia. Neurobiology of Disease 6:131-139, 1999.

Buchwalder, L. F., M. Lin, T. J. McDonald and P. W. Nathanielsz. Fetal sheep adrenal blood flow responses to hypoxemia after splanchnicotomy using fluorescent microspheres. Journal of Applied Physiology 84:82-89, 1998.

Buckberg, G. D., J. C. Luck, D. B. Payne, J. I. E. Hoffman, J. P. Archie and D. E. Fixler. Some sources of error in measuring regional blood flow with radioactive microspheres. Journal Applied Physiology 31:598-604, 1971.

Budde, J. M., D. A. Velez, Z. Q. Zhao, K. L. Clark, C. D. Morris, S. Muraki, R. A. Guyton and J. Vinten-Johansen. Comparative study of AMP579 and adenosine in inhibition of neutrophil-mediated vascular and myocardial injury during 24 h of reperfusion. Cardiovascular Research 47:294-305, 2000.

Bufkin, B.L., Mellitt, R.J., Gott, J.P., Huang, A.H., Pan-Chih, and Guyton, R.A.. Aerobic blood cardioplegia for revascularization of acute infarct: effects of delivery temperature. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 58:953-960, 1994.

Burchfield, D. J., A. Pena, A. J. M. Peters, R. M. Abrams and D. Phillips. Cocaine does not compromise cerebral or myocardial oxygen delivery in fetal sheep. Reproduction Fertility and Development 8:383-389, 1996.

Caldarone, C. A., I. B. Krukenkamp, B. D. Misare and S. Levitsky. Perfusion deficits with retrograde warm blood cardioplegia. Annals Thoracic Surgery 57:403-406., 1994.

Caparas, S. N., M. J. Clair, R. S. Krombach, J. W. Hendrick, W. V. Houck, S. B. Kribbs, R. Mukherjee, G. E. Tempel and F. G. Spinale. Brain blood flow patterns after the development of congestive heart failure: Effects of treadmill exercise. Critical Care Medicine 28:209-214, 2000.

Carlson, G. D., K. E. Warden, J. M. Barbeau, E. Bahniuk, K. L. KutinaNelson, C. L. Biro, H. H. Bohlman and J. C. LaManna. Viscoelastic relaxation and regional blood flow response to spinal cord compression and decompression. Spine 22:1285-1291, 1997.

Carlson, G. D., Y. Minato, A. Okada, C. D. Gorden, K. E. Warden, J. M. Barbeau, C. L. Biro, E. Bahnuik, H. H. Bohlman and J. C. Lamanna. Early time-dependent decompression for spinal cord injury: Vascular mechanisms of recovery. Journal of Neurotrauma 14:951-962, 1997.

Cerda, S. E., C. Y. Tong, D. D. Deal and J. C. Eisenach. A physiologic assessment of intrathecal amitriptyline in sheep. Anesthesiology 6:1094-1103, 1997.

Chase, P. B., K. B. Kern, A. B. Sanders, C. W. Otto and G. A. Ewy. Effects of graded doses of epinephrine on both noninvasive and invasive measures of myocardial perfusion and blood flow during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Critical Care Medicine 21:413-419., 1993.

Chien, G. L., C. G. Anselone, R. F. Davis and D. M. Van-Winkle. Fluorescent vs. radioactive microsphere measurement of regional myocardial blood flow. Cardiovascular Research 30:405-412, 1995.

Chiou, G. C. and Y. J. Chen. Effects of D- and L-isomers of timolol on retinal and choroidal blood flow in ocular hypertensive rabbit eyes. Journal Ocul Pharmacol 8:183-190., 1992.

Chiou, G. C. and Y. J. Chen. Improvement of ocular blood flow with dopamine antagonists on ocular-hypertensive rabbit eyes. Chung Kuo Yao Li Hsueh Pao 13:481-484., 1992.

Chornuk, M. A., S. L. Bernard, J. W. Burns, R. W. Glenny, D. D. Sheriff, S. E. Sinclair, N. L. Polissar and M. P. Hlastala. Effects of inertial load and countermeasures on the distribution of pulmonary blood flow. Journal-of-Applied-Physiology 89:445-457, 2000.

Cicutti, N., K. Rakusan and H. F. Downey. Colored microspheres reveal interarterial microvascular anastomoses in canine myocardium. Basic Research Cardiology 87:400-409, 1992.

Cicutti, N. and K. Rakusan. The effect of hypoxia on capillary flow direction in the isolated perfused rat heart. Canadian Journal Cardiolology 10:367-373, 1994.

Cicutti, N., K. Rakusan and H. F. Downey. Coronary artery occlusion extends perfusion territory boundaries through microvascular collaterals. Basic Research Cardiolology 89:427-437., 1994.

Cioffi, G. A. and S. Orgul. Intraluminal corrosion casting and colored-microsphere techniques as means to assess optic nerve hemodynamics. Ocular Blood Flow 226:1996.

Cochran, R. P., K. S. Kunzelman, C. R. Vocelka, H. Akimoto, R. Thomas, L. O. Soltow and B. D. Spiess. Perfluorocarbon emulsion in the cardiopulmonary bypass prime reduces neurologic injury. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 63:1326-1332, 1997.

Conhaim, R. L. and L. A. Rodenkirch. Estimated functional diameter of alveolar septal microvessels in zone 1. American Journal Physiology 271:H996-H1003., 1996.

Consigny, P. M., E. D. Verrier, B. D. Payne, G. Edelist, J. Jester, R. W. Baer, G. J. Vlahakes and J. I. Hoffman. Acute and chronic microsphere loss from canine left ventricular myocardium. American Journal Physiology 242:H392-404, 1982.

Daldrup, H. E., D. M. Shames, W. Husseini, M. F. Wendland, Y. Okuhata and R. C. Brasch. Quantification of the extraction fraction for gadopentetate across breast cancer capillaries. Magnetic Resonance In Medicine 40:537-543, 1998.

DeBehnke, D. J., M. G. Angelos and J. E. Leasure. Use of cardiopulmonary bypass, high-dose epinephrine, and standard-dose epinephrine in resuscitation from post-countershock electromechanical dissociation. Annals Emergency Medicine 21:1051-1057., 1992.

Deem, S., M. J. Bishop and M. K. Alberts. Effect of anemia on intrapulmonary shunt during atelectasis in rabbits. Journal of Applied Physiology 79:1951-1957, 1995.

Deem, S., S. McKinney, N. L. Polissar, R. G. Hedges and E. R. Swenson. Hemodilution during venous gas embolization improves gas exchange, without altering V-A/Q or pulmonary blood flow distributions. Anesthesiology 91:1861-1872, 1999.

Degens, H., A. J. Craven, J. C. Jarvis and S. Salmons. The use of coloured dye-extraction microspheres to measure blood flow in rabbit skeletal muscle: A validation study with special emphasis on repeated measurements. Experimental Physiology 81:239-249, 1996.

Deka, C., L. A. Sklar and J. A. Steinkamp. Fluorescence lifetime measurements in a flow cytometer by amplitude demodulation using digital data acquisition technique. Cytometry 17:94-101, 1994.

Deveci, D. and S. Egginton. Development of the fluorescent microsphere technique for quantifying regional blood flow in small mammals. Experimental Physiology 84:615-630, 1999.

Diebel, L. N., J. G. Tyburski and S. A. Dulchavsky. Effect of hypertonic saline solution and dextran on ventricular blood flow and heart-lung interaction after hemorrhagic shock. Surgery 124:642-650, 1998.

Domenech, R. J., J. I. Hoffman, M. I. Noble, K. B. Saunders, J. R. Henson and S. Subijanto. Total and regional coronary blood flow measured by radioactive microspheres in conscious and anesthetized dogs. Circulation Research 25:581-596, 1969.

Durham, S. R., R. Raghupathi, M. A. Helfaer, S. Marwaha and A. C. Duhaime. Age-related differences in acute physiologic response to focal traumatic brain injury in piglets. Pediatric Neurosurgery 33:76-82, 2000.

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Ehring, T., D. Baumgart, M. Krajcar, M. Hummelgen, S. Kompa and G. Heusch. Attenuation of myocardial stunning by the ACE inhibitor ramiprilat through a signal cascade of bradykinin and prostaglandins but not nitric oxide. Circulation 90:1368-1385., 1994.

Ehring, T., Krajcar, M., Baumgart, D., Kompa, S., Hümmelgen, M., and Heusch, G.. Cholinergic and alpha-adrenergic coronary vasomotion with increasing ischemia-reperfusion injury. American Journal of Physiology 268:H886-H894, 1995.

Eising, G. P., L. Mao, G. W. SchmidSchonbein, R. L. Engler and J. Ross. Effects of induced tolerance to bacterial lipopolysaccharide on myocardial infarct size in rats. Cardiovascular Research 31:73-81, 1996.

Elgjo, G. I., B. P. Mathew, L. F. P. deFigueiredo, P. J. Schenarts, J. W. Horton, M. A. Dubick and G. C. Kramer. Resuscitation with hypertonic saline dextran improves cardiac function in vivo and ex vivo after burn injury in sheep. Shock 9:375-383, 1998.

Enrione, M. A., M. C. Papo, C. L. Leach, B. A. Holm, L. J. Hernan, B. P. Fuhrman, M. S. Dowhy, M. G. Rath and P. E. Frisicaro. Regional pulmonary blood flow during partial liquid ventilation in normal and acute oleic acid-induced lung-injured piglets. Critical Care Medicine 27:2716-2723, 1999.

Erickson, H. H., S. L. Bernard, R. W. Glenny, M. R. Fedde, N. L. Polissar, R. J. Basaraba, S. M. Walther, E. M. Gaughan, R. McMurphy and M. P. Hlastala. Effect of furosemide on pulmonary blood flow distribution in resting and exercising horses. Journal of Applied Physiology 86:2034-2043, 1999.

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Fenton, B. M., R. T. Carr and G. R. Cokelet. Nonuniform red cell distributionin 20 to 100 micrometers bifurcations. Microvascular Research 29:103-126, 1985.

Flynn, A. E., D. L. Coggins, R. E. Austin, D. D. Muehrcke, G. S. Aldea, M. Goto, J. W. Doucette and J. I. Hoffman. Nonuniform blood flow in the canine left ventricle. Journal Surgery Research 49:379-384, 1990.

Forrester, K., M. Doschak and R. Bray. In vivo comparison of scanning technique and wavelength in laser Doppler perfusion imaging: measurement in knee ligaments of adult rabbits. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing 35:581-586, 1997.

Frangioni, G. and G. Borgioli. Data on haemodynamics of splenic circulation in the newt. Journal of Zoology 238:149-155, 1996.

Fujiki, H., T. Mori, K. Yoshida, T. Imaizumi and M. Tominaga. OPC-18790, a novel positive inotropic agent, has both arterial and venous vascular dilating actions in the dog. European Journal of Pharmacology 313:191-200, 1996.

Funato, H., M. Watanabe and A. Uemura. Therapeutic effects of a calcium antagonist, lacidipine, on stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats with cerebrovascular lesions. Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 80:199-208, 1999.

Gagnon, R., J. Challis, L. Johnston and L. Fraher. Fetal endocrine responses to chronic placental embolization in the late-gestation ovine fetus. American Journal Obstetric Gynecology 170:929-938., 1994.

Galiuto, L., A. N. DeMaria, K. MayNewman, U. DelBalzo, K. Ohmori, V. Bhargava, S. F. Flaim and S. Iliceto. Evaluation of dynamic changes in microvascular flow during ischemia-reperfusion by myocardial contrast echocardiography. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 32:1096-1101, 1998.

Gates, R. N., J. G. Lee, H. Laks, D. C. Drinkwater, E. Rhudis, A. S. Aharon, J. Y. Chung and P. A. Chang. Evidence of improved microvascular perfusion when using antegrade and retrograde cardioplegia. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 62:1388-1391, 1996.

Gervais, M., P. Demolis, V. Domergue, M. Lesage, C. Richer and J. F. Giudicelli. Systemic and regional hemodynamics assessment in rats with fluorescent microspheres. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 33:425-432, 1999.

Gervais, M., P. Fornes, C. Richer, D. Nisato and J. F. Giudicelli. Effects of angiotensin II AT(1)-receptor blockade on coronary dynamics, function, and structure in postischemic heart failure in rats. Journal of Cardiovascular-Pharmacology 36:329-337, 2000.

Glenny, R. W., S. Bernard and M. Brinkley. Validation of fluorescent-labeled microspheres for measurement of regional organ perfusion. Journal Applied Physiology 74:2585-2597, 1993.

Glenny, R. W., N. L. Polissar, S. McKinney and H. T. Robertson. Temporal heterogeneity of regional pulmonary perfusion is spatially clustered. Journal Applied Physiology 79:986-1001., 1995.

Glenny, R. W. and H. T. Robertson. A computer simulation of pulmonary perfusion in three dimensions. J Applied Physiology 79:357-369., 1995.

Glenny, R. W., S. McKinney and K. T. Robertson. Spatial pattern of pulmonary blood flow distribution is stable ever days. Journal of Applied Physiology 82:902-907, 1997.

Glenny, R. W., S. Bernard, H. T. Robertson and M. P. Hlastala. Gravity is an important but secondary determinant of regional pulmonary blood flow in upright primates. Journal of Applied Physiology 86:623-632, 1999.

Glenny, R. W., S. L. Bernard and W. J. Lamm. Hemodynamic effects of 15-mu m-diameter microspheres on the rat pulmonary circulation. Journal-of Applied Physiology 89:499-504, 2000.

Glenny, R. W., S. L. Bernard and H. T. Robertson. Pulmonary blood flow remains fractal down to the level of gas exchange. Journal of Applied Physiology Aug 2000; 89 (2) : 742-748. 89:742-748, 2000.

Glenny, R. W., W. J. E. Lamm, S. L. Bernard, D. An, M. Chornuk and S. L. Pool. Selected contribution: Redistribution of pulmonary perfusion during weightlessness and increased gravity. Journal of Applied Physiology 89:1239-1248, 2000.

Glenny, R. W., H. T. Robertson and M. P. Hlastala. Vasomotor tone does not affect perfusion heterogeneity and gas exchange in normal primate lungs during normoxia. Journal of Applied Physiology 89:2263-2267, 2000.

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Granetzny, A., U. Schwanke, C. Schmitz, S. SchmitzSpanke, G. Arnold, H. D. Schulte and J. D. Schipke. Effects of a new bradycardic agent on the isolated rabbit heart. Zeitschrift Fur Kardiologie 85:953-960, 1996.

Granetzny, A., U. Schwanke, C. Schmitz, G. Arnold, D. Schafer, H. D. Schulte, E. Gams and J. D. Schipke. Pharmacologic heart rate reduction: Effect of a novel, specific bradycardic agent on the heart. Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 46:63-69, 1998.

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